The Night Battles
by Carlo Ginzburg
used book, good condition (1992 edition)
Based on research in the Inquisitorial archives, the book recounts the story of a peasant fertility cult centred on the benandanti. These men and women regarded themselves as professional anti-witches, who (in dream-like states) apparently fought ritual battles against witches and wizards, to protect their villages and harvests. If they won, the harvest would be good, if they lost, there would be famine. The inquisitors tried to fit them into their pre-existing images of the witchesâ sabbat. The result of this cultural clash which lasted over a century, was the slow metamorphosis of the benandanti into their enemies â the witches. Carlo Ginzburg shows clearly how this transformation of the popular notion of witchcraft was manipulated by the Inquisitors, and disseminated all over Europe and even to the New World. The peasantsâ fragmented and confused testimony reaches us with great immediacy, enabling us to identify a level of popular belief which constitutes a valuable witness for the reconstruction of the peasant way of thinking of this age.
A tour-de-force of reconstruction, building out of scattered and fragmentary sources a whole world for the reader to inhabit.
(Anthony Pagden London Review of Books)
A work of genuine intellectual distinction. It is an unusually original contribution to the study of witchcraft in early modern Europe, but its importance is far from being exhausted by that description.
(Peter Burke New York Review of Books)